Ligurian dictionary
Ligurian translation
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Freelang Ligurian-English dictionary

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Ligurian language (called lìgure or zenéize) is spoken in Italy (regions of Liguria, southern Piedmont and zones of Sardinia), south-eastern France, part of Corsica, Monaco (as Monegasque, influenced by French), and by emigrates in Latin America, North America, Europe and Australia.

It is a Romance language belonging to the Gallo-Italic group and does not represent a variant of the currently official Italian tongue, but a different language directly derived from Latin. It is commonly known as Genoese dialect since it was the language of the ancient Republic of Genoa (nowadays capital of the region of Liguria in northwestern Italy) and due to the remarkable diffusion and literary prestige of the capital's variant throughout the Mediterranean.

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Features of this dictionary

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Word list information

This dictionary was made by

List status: ©

Ligurian > English: 7,101 words
English > Ligurian: 7,114 words

Last update: June 27, 2015
First upload: March 20, 2010

A word from the author

Each Ligurian term reported in this dictionary includes its corresponding accents only as a guide to pronouncing our language, just like words are often shown in dictionaries in other languages. This is only a way to explain the sound of each word clearly and does not mean that Ligurian must be written with more accents than the essential ones, i.e., the ones required by words of more than one syllable finished in a stressed simple vowel. Visit to find many more details about the Ligurian language.

Official orthography and pronunciation key

Nowadays, despite the various writing rules used in past centuries, Ligurian language has got an official orthography developed by the "Académia Ligùstica do Brénno", which respects some aspects of traditional orthography but also eradicates ambiguities since it represents exactly the pronunciation of each word. That is the orthography adopted by this dictionary and it may also be consulted in Ligurian on, where it is clarified by the International Phonetic Alphabet, or in Spanish on

a as in 'father'
â long A
e / é like A in 'main', short
ê like A in 'main', long
è open like A in 'cat', short
æ open like A in 'cat', long
i as EE in 'see'
j like Y in 'boy', used after certain consonants like G, SC, or C
o like OO in 'too' or Italian U (Ligurian characteristic: 'gatto' is pronounced 'gattu')
ò like Italian O, or AW in 'saw', short
ö like AW in 'saw', long
òu/ou similar to English OW in 'own'
u like French U in 'humidité'/'écume'/'plume'
eu like French EU or OE in 'heure'/'deux'/'cœur'

b, d, f, g, l, ll, m, nn, p, q, r, s, ss, t, v like in English
c like K before a/o/u, like CH in ce/ci/cce/cci
ch like K
gn like NI in 'onion', or Spanish 'ñ'
n before vowel, the same as English; in word endings and before consonant, similar to NG as in 'being'
nn- before vowel, it is a nasal velar consonant, similar to NG ("bónn-a", "vitamìnn-a", "ùnn-a")
scc like SH followed by CH (Ligurian particularity: "scciàffo" would be sh-CHAF-foo)
sc before a/o/u like SK, but before e/i like SH
x like French J in 'jambe'/'jeune'
z / zz like in 'zero'
s / ç like S in 'sing'

^ to lengthen the sound of A, closed E, I, O (read as OO), and U (as in French)
¨ to mark the sound of the long O read as in Italian
` the grave accent indicates the short tonic sound of A, open E, I and U; but on O it indicates its short sound
´ the acute accent indicates the short sound of EU, and short O (read as OO)



m masculine
f feminine
sing singular
pl plural
n noun
v verb
ag. adjective (in Ligurian)
adj. adjective (in English)
art. article
av. adverb (in Ligurian)
adv. adverb (in English)
it. italianism (in Ligurian)
pop. popular speech
excl. exclamation
fig. in a figurative sense
volg. vulgar (in Ligurian)
vulg. vulgar (in English)
GE place in the province of Genova
IM place in the province of Imperia
SP place in the province of La Spezia
SV place in the province of Savona
(Savona) registered in Savona

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